Frsluflokkur: Umhverfisml

Ann Bressington fr stralu flettir ofan af tlun Sameinuu janna a sem ensku er kalla Agenda 21 og Agenda 2030.

Hr landi sjum vi slensk stjrnvld fara eftir essum tlunum og mun halda fram nstu mnui og r a leggja brilegar lgur landsmenn.

jrinni ba yfir 7milljarar manna. tlun S er a fkka eim niur 500milljnir ea ca. 95% -nutu og fimm prsent-.

ru Ann kemur glggt fram lngu formu tlun um loftslagsml sem llu kollrur essa dagana.


Eru loftslagsmlin strsta v ntmana???

Strsta v ntmans snr ekki a loftslagsmlum. Strsta v ntmans er s heilavottur sem sr sta og fyrst og fremstbeittur gegn ungu flki og brnum. Plitskur rtttrnaur er ltinn dynja flki tma og tma.

Svo kallaa "loftslagsv" er bara eitt af eim rstingi sem lti erdynja flki dag. Flk og fyrirtki eru rukku fyrir svo kllu kolefnisspor. trlegum fjrmunum er hent einhvern sj erlendis sem enginn veit hva verur um, alla vega eya essir fjrmunir ekki kolefnissporunum, svo er vst.

Brn fara sklaverkfll, mta ekki skla til a mtmla koltvsringnum loftinu. eim er tali tr um a heimurinn mun la undir lok eftir fein r, en hvers vegna a mta aftur sklann????? San a vori er bi a panta utanlandsferir til a fagna tskrift, .e. eir sem a gera ea a fara me foreldrum snum slalandaferir, ekki m sleppa v!!!!!

Ekki virast rherrar rkisstjrnarinnar, forstisrherra ar me talin, veigra sr vi a eytast milli landa otum sem sagt er a spimiklum koltvsringi t andrmslofti. Af hverju nota au ekki smu afer og Greta snska ogsigla sktu, andrmsloftsins vegna?????????

Nst egar forseti vor og fr hans fara opinbera heimskn t land hljta au a fara hjlandi, ekki m notast vi bensnspandi bifrei til ess arna!!

Hafa stjrnvld komist a niurstu um a hvernig loka megi fyrir allt a CO2 sem stgur upp r eldfjllum essa lands??? Hva gerir ESB eim tilfellum ar sem mnui hverjum fleiri, fleiri trukkar eru notair til a flytja ggn milli Brussel og Salzburgar fram og til baka egar ESB ingi kemur saman????

Hrsnin kringum essa "loftslagsv" er alger og fara rherrar rkisstjrnar okkar ar fremstir fararbroddi.


mbl.is Loftslagsvin strsta mli
Tilkynna um vieigandi tengingu vi frtt

Hva er raunverulega a gerast Svj, Geta? Spurt og svara mefylgjandi myndbandi.

Er hugsanlegt a margt af v sem fram kemur myndbandinu eigi einnig vi hr landi, slandi?


Hvernig vera saldir til og hva veldur san hlnun???

myndbandinu hr fyrir nean er leitast vi a tskra hva veldur hlinda og kuldaskeium.

Erindi Steven F. Hayward, sem hlusta m og sj hann flytja myndbandinu hr fyrir nean, nefnist "A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to Global Warming".


Vinsamlegast komi essum boskap fram.

500 vsindamenn sendu aalritara Sameinuu janna brf ar sem eir segja a stulaust s a ttast loftslagsv af mannavldum.

Lti Katrnu Jakobsdttur forstisrherra og alla hina krakkana vita af essu.


Kjsendur eru httir a kjsa t nafni eitt!!!!!

S var tin a menn voru mjg fastheldnir plitsku flokka sem eir fylgdu. Menn voru fljtir a fyrirgefa glappaskotum forustumnnum stjrnmlaflokkanna, a var eins og nafni flokkunum eitt og sr dygi til a n til eirra sem voru dyggir fylgjendur eirra. Svo fr a a gerast a flk fr a missa tr vissum stjrnmlamnnum og flokkar eirra guldu ess. N urfa menn a vera gallharir vinstrimenn til ess a kvika hvergi sama hvaa vitleysa kemur fr forystu flokka eirra.

Forystusveit Sjlfstisflokksins virist haldin eirri blindu a halda a gamlir og rtgrnir sjlfstismenn kjsi valt flokkinn t nafni eitt. Stareyndin er hinsvegar s a almennir sjlfstismenn, grasrt flokksins, er farin a sj gegnum forustuna og lkar ekki a sem eir sj. Tiltr flks, Sjlfstismanna, forustu flokksins er horfin, flki sem kosi hefur flokkinn ks me ftunum, a er hrari fer t r flokknum. Nverandi forustusveit er bin a rsta Sjlfstisflokknum, flokknum sem var sto og stytta slensks samflags og virast ingmenn flokksins sem fru fram sem dyggir flokksmenn vera undir hl forustunnar.

Eru til eir ingmenn sem ora a hafa ara skoun en forustan, ingmenn sem hlusta kjsendur sna og bera sama tta brjsti og almenningur sem hefur ora a hafa ara skoun en s plitski rtttrnaur sem boaur er af sitjandi rkisstjrn.

Ekki er vi v a bast a Vinstri grnir su svo grnir, eim skilningi a vilja vernda nttru og aufi landsins, ar sem forusta ess flokks segir flokksmnnum hvernig eir eigi a hugsa, a v leiti eru eir algerlega grnir, vantar sjlfsta hugsun og sj a VG er komi langt fr eirri stefnu sem eir boa, svona rtt fyrir kosningar.

Framsknarflokkurinn er leiitamur, opinn ba enda og siglir eftir vindum hverju sinni ef eir telja sig gra v.

grasrt Sjlfstisflokksins er n ori, sem betur fer, til flk sem orir a hafa ara skoun en forustan og ltur sr heyra. En hefur forusta flokksins aumkt til a bera a hlusta og jta a eim hafi ori og su viljugir til a sna af eirri braut sem eir hafa veri . Geri eir a ekki er Sjlfstisflokkurinn binn a vera sem forustuafl slenskum stjrnmlum.

Kjsendur eru httir a kjsa t nafni eitt a arf meira til.!!!!!!!


mbl.is Safnar fram a atkvagreislu
Tilkynna um vieigandi tengingu vi frtt

Trump og tst hans um Baltimore

Vibrg vi tsti Trumps um Baltimore og hreinindin ar eru enn a koma ljs og a annan htt en andstingar hans vntu.

g vona a etta myndband s lagi, ef ekki m fara essa vefsl: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GVRtRdaLFyQ


rldmurinn sem brn urfa a ganga gegnum svo flk geti keyrt um rafmagnsblum. Nokku sem fjlmilar almennt fjalla ekki um.

"Lrisrkinu" Kong finnst kbalt og eru srstakar nmur ar sem grafi er eftir essu efni. Kbalt er nota er framleislu rafmagnsgeyma. essum nmum vinna um 40.000 brn alveg niur 4ra aldur. Brnin eru ltin vinna vi mjg erfiar astur,erfiisvinnu og httulega. Fjldi barna deyja ri hverju. Sameinuu jirnar tla a um 80 brndeyi nmunum rlega, en au eru mun fleiri v mrg eirra grafast undirjarveginum sem hrynur yfir au ar sem au eru a vinna vi mjg svo httulegar astur.

En hva er me etta kbalt, af hverju er a svona mikilvgt? J, efni hentar svo vel framleislu rafgeymum og n arf a bta verulega framleislu eirra ar sem stefnt er a blar og nnur farartki veri einvrungu knin fram af rafmagni og ar koma rafgeymar til sgunnar.

Vesturlandabar hrsa happi yfir njum blum sem knnir eru fram me rafmagni. a sem notendur essara bla gera sr ekki grein fyrir er a sm krakkar eru notair rlavinnu til a hgt s a framleia rafgeymana sem knja blana eirra.

Unglingar sem safnast saman Austurvelli og krefjast ess a stjrnvld geri eitthva loftslagsmlum, vilja a htt veri a nota olu og bensn til a knja farartki fram gera sr ekki grein fyrir v a fjldi barna hafa veri hnept rlahald og mrg eirra deyja til a hgt s a breyta farartkjum ann veg a au notast vi rafgeyma sem brnin eru ltin sj fyrir efni .

Stru bankarnir eins og Goldman Sachs, rki eins og Bretland, fyrirtki eins og General Motors, Renault-Nissan, Tesla, BMW og Fiat-Chrysler og fleiri ailar vita nkvmlega hva er a gerast en loka augunum fyrir essum hryllingi allt nafni gra og meiri peninga.

Hr fyrir nean er grein ensku sem tekin er r Mail Online, sem lsirhryllingnum sem brnin urfa a takast vi. Myndum vi vilja a brnin okkar vru essum sporum? au f ekki einu sinni n ori a vinna fiski ea send sveit eins og tkaist hr ur fyrr.

Child miners aged four living a hell on Earth so YOU can drive an electric car: Awful human cost in squalid Congo cobalt mine that Michael Gove didnt consider in his clean energy crusade

  • Sky Newsinvestigated the Katanga mines and found Dorsen, 8, and Monica, 4
  • The pair were working in the vast mines of the Democratic Republic of Congo
  • They are two of the 40,000 children working daily in the mines, checking rocks for cobalt

By Barbara Jones for The Mail on Sunday

Picking through a mountain of huge rocks with his tiny bare hands, the exhausted little boy makes a pitiful sight.

His name is Dorsen and he is one of an army of children, some just four years old, working in the vast polluted mines of the Democratic Republic of Congo, where toxic red dust burns their eyes, and they run the risk of skin disease and a deadly lung condition. Here, for a wage of just 8p a day, the children are made to check the rocks for the tell-tale chocolate-brown streaks of cobalt the prized ingredient essential for the batteries that power electric cars.

And its feared that thousands more children could be about to be dragged into this hellish daily existence after the historic pledge made by Britain to ban the sale of petrol and diesel cars from 2040 and switch to electric vehicles.

Eight-year-old Dorsen is pictured cowering beneath the raised hand of an overseer who warns him not to spill a rock

Eight-year-old Dorsen is pictured cowering beneath the raised hand of an overseer who warns him not to spill a rock

It heralds a future of clean energy, free from pollution but though there can be no doubting the good intentions behind Environment Secretary Michael Goves announcement last month such ideals mean nothing for the children condemned to a life of hellish misery in the race to achieve his target.

Dorsen, just eight, is one of 40,000 children working daily in the mines of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). The terrible price they will pay for our clean air is ruined health and a likely early death.

Almost every big motor manufacturer striving to produce millions of electric vehicles buys its cobalt from the impoverished central African state. It is the worlds biggest producer, with 60 per cent of the planets reserves.

The cobalt is mined by unregulated labour and transported to Asia where battery manufacturers use it to make their products lighter, longer-lasting and rechargeable.

The planned switch to clean energy vehicles has led to an extraordinary surge in demand. While a smartphone battery uses no more than 10 grams of refined cobalt, an electric car needs 15kg (33lb).

He then staggers beneath the weight of a heavy sack that he must carry to unload 60ft away in pouring rain

He then staggers beneath the weight of a heavy sack that he must carry to unload 60ft away in pouring rain

Goldman Sachs, the merchant bank, calls cobalt the new gasoline but there are no signs of new wealth in the DRC, where the children haul the rocks brought up from tunnels dug by hand.

Adult miners dig up to 600ft below the surface using basic tools, without protective clothing or modern machinery. Sometimes the children are sent down into the narrow makeshift chambers where there is constant danger of collapse.

Cobalt is such a health hazard that it has a respiratory disease named after it cobalt lung, a form of pneumonia which causes coughing and leads to permanent incapacity and even death.

Even simply eating vegetables grown in local soil can cause vomiting and diarrhoea, thyroid damage and fatal lung diseases, while birds and fish cannot survive in the area.

No one knows quite how many children have died mining cobalt in the Katanga region in the south-east of the country. The UN estimates 80 a year, but many more deaths go unregistered, with the bodies buried in the rubble of collapsed tunnels. Others survive but with chronic diseases which destroy their young lives. Girls as young as ten in the mines are subjected to sexual attacks and many become pregnant.

Dorsen and 11-year-old Richard are pictured.With his mother dead, Dorsen lives with his father in the bush and the two have to work daily in the cobalt mine to earn money for food.

Dorsen and 11-year-old Richard are pictured.With his mother dead, Dorsen lives with his father in the bush and the two have to work daily in the cobalt mine to earn money for food.

When Sky News investigated the Katanga mines it found Dorsen, working near a little girl called Monica, who was four, on a day of relentless rainfall.

Dorsen was hauling heavy sacks of rocks from the mine surface to a growing stack 60ft away. A full sack was lifted on to Dorsens head and he staggered across to the stack. A brutish overseer stood over him, shouting and raising his hand to threaten a beating if he spilt any.

With his mother dead, Dorsen lives with his father in the bush and the two have to work daily in the cobalt mine to earn money for food.

Dorsens friend Richard, 11, said that at the end of a working day everything hurts.

In a country devastated by civil wars in which millions have died, there is no other way for families to survive. Britains Department for International Development (DFID) is donating 10.5million between June 2007 and June 2018 towards strengthening revenue transparency and encouraging responsible activity in large and small scale artisanal mining, to benefit the poor of DRC.

There is little to show for these efforts so far. There is a DRC law forbidding the enslavement of under-age children, but nobody enforces it.

The UNs International Labour Organisation has described cobalt mining in DRC as one of the worst forms of child labour due to the health risks.

Soil samples taken from the mining area by doctors at the University of Lubumbashi, the nearest city, show the region to be among the ten most polluted in the world. Residents near mines in southern DRC had urinary concentrates of cobalt 43 higher than normal. Lead levels were five times higher, cadmium and uranium four times higher.

The worldwide rush to bring millions of electric vehicles on to our roads has handed a big advantage to those giant car-makers which saw this bonanza coming and invested in developing battery-powered vehicles, among them General Motors, Renault-Nissan, Tesla, BMW and Fiat-Chrysler.

Chinese middle-men working for the Congo Dongfang Mining Company have the stranglehold in DRC, buying the raw cobalt brought to them in sacks carried on bicycles and dilapidated old cars daily from the Katanga mines. They sit in shacks on a dusty road near the Zambian border, offering measly sums scrawled on blackboards outside 40 for a ton of cobalt-rich rocks that will be sent by cargo ship to minerals giant Zhejiang Huayou Cobalt in China and sold on to a complex supply chain feeding giant multinationals.

Challenged by the Washington Post about the appalling conditions in the mines, Huayou Cobalt said it would be irresponsible to stop using child labour, claiming: It could aggravate poverty in the cobalt mining regions and worsen the livelihood of local miners.

Human rights charity Amnesty International also investigated cobalt mining in the DRC and says that none of the 16 electric vehicle manufacturers they identified have conducted due diligence to the standard defined by the Responsible Cobalt Initiative.

Monica, just four-years-old, works in the mine alongside Dorsen and Richard

Monica, just four-years-old, works in the mine alongside Dorsen and Richard

Encouragingly, Apple, which uses the mineral in its devices, has committed itself to treat cobalt like conflict minerals those which have in the past funded child soldiers in the countrys civil war and the company claims it is going to require all refiners to have supply chain audits and risk assessments. But Amnesty International is not satisfied. This promise is not worth the paper it is written on when the companies are not investigating their suppliers, said Amnestys Mark Dummett. Big brands have the power to change this.

After DRC, Australia is the next biggest source of cobalt, with reserves of 1million tons, followed by Cuba, China, Russia, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

Car maker Tesla the market leader in electric vehicles plans to produce 500,000 cars per year starting in 2018, and will need 7,800 tons of cobalt to achieve this. Sales are expected to hit 4.4 million by 2021. It means the price of cobalt will soar as the world gears itself up for the electric car revolution, and there is evidence some corporations are cancelling their contracts with regulated mines using industrial technology, and turning increasingly to the cheaper mines using human labour.

After the terrible plight of Dorsen and Richard was broadcast in a report on Sky News, an emotive response from viewers funded a rescue by childrens charity Kimbilio. They are now living in a church-supported childrens home, sleeping on mattresses for the first time in their lives and going to school.

But there is no such happy ending for the tens of thousands of children left in the hell on earth that is the cobalt mines of the Congo.

Child miners aged four at Congo cobalt mine


mbl.is Rafblar losa 75-80% minna
Tilkynna um vieigandi tengingu vi frtt

Hva segja vsindamenn um 5G-tknina???

N er bger a setja upp 5G-farsmakerfi. 5G er vst mun flugra en 4G og munar ar verulega um hraa.

Erlendis eru msir ailar sem vara vi essari nju tkni, ekki vegna ess hversu hratt hgt veri a skja efni, skoa og deila me rum heldur geislavirknin sem mun stafa af sendunum semdreifa skilabounum.

5G-tknin byggir stuttbylgjum semdreifast mjg tt en n stutt, ar af leiandi arf a fjlga sendum margfalt mia vi a sem n er til a koma veg fyrir daua stai. Sendarnir eru sfellt a senda og n upplsingar og eru v stulega virkar og bylgjur eirra loftinu alltaf fullri virkni.

Bylgjurnar og ttleiki eirra mun hafa hrif lkama okkar ar sem grei lei verur fyrir bylgjurnar inn og innyfli okkar. ttast menn a a muni leia til verulegrar aukningar krabbameini hj flki. Menn vilja meina a hrifbylgnanna su ekki ngilega vel rannsakaar.

Hr fyrir nean er vefsl Radiation Health Risks.com

https://www.radiationhealthrisks.com/5g-cell-towers-dangerous/

og Environmenta Health Trust

https://ehtrust.org/key-issues/cell-phoneswireless/5g-networks-iot-scientific-overview-human-health-risks/

Hafa slensk stjrnvld gengi r skugga um a essi tkni s rugg ea eru au enn einu sinni a hlaupa eftir kvrunum annarra ja, kvrunum sem geta haft alvarlegar afleiingar fyrir flki landinu??? Skiptum vi kannski stjrnvldum ekki neinu mli??????


mbl.is Barttan um 5G-farsmakerfi harnar
Tilkynna um vieigandi tengingu vi frtt

Hryllingurinn sem brn urfa a upplifa svo vi, g og getum keyrt um rafmagnsblum.

"Lrisrkinu" Kong finnst kbalt og eru srstakar nmur ar sem grafi er eftir essu efni. Kbalt er nota er framleislu rafmagnsgeyma. essum nmum vinna um 40.000 brn alveg niur 4ra aldur. Brnin eru ltin vinna vi mjg erfiar astur,erfiisvinnu og httulega. Fjldi barna deyja ri hverju. Sameinuu jirnar tla a um 80 brndeyi nmunum rlega, en au eru mun fleiri v mrg eirra grafast undirjarveginum sem hrynur yfir au ar sem au eru a vinna vi mjg svo httulegar astur.

En hva er me etta kbalt, af hverju er a svona mikilvgt? J, efni hentar svo vel framleislu rafgeymum og n arf a bta verulega framleislu eirra ar sem stefnt er a blar og nnur farartki veri einvrungu knin fram af rafmagni og ar koma rafgeymar til sgunnar.

Vesturlandabar hrsa happi yfir njum blum sem knnir eru fram me rafmagni. a sem notendur essara bla gera sr ekki grein fyrir er a sm krakkar eru notair rlavinnu til a hgt s a framleia rafgeymana sem knja blana eirra.

Unglingar sem safnast saman Austurvelli og krefjast ess a stjrnvld geri eitthva loftslagsmlum, vilja a htt veri a nota olu og bensn til a knja farartki fram gera sr ekki grein fyrir v a fjldi barna hafa veri hnept rlahald og mrg eirra deyja til a hgt s a breyta farartkjum ann veg a au notast vi rafgeyma sem brnin eru ltin sj fyrir efni .

Stru bankarnir eins og Goldman Sachs, rki eins og Bretland, fyrirtki eins og General Motors, Renault-Nissan, Tesla, BMW og Fiat-Chrysler og fleiri ailar vita nkvmlega hva er a gerast en loka augunum fyrir essum hryllingi allt nafni gra og meiri peninga.

Hr fyrir nean er grein ensku sem tekin er r Mail Online, sem lsirhryllingnum sem brnin urfa a takast vi. Myndum vi vilja a brnin okkar vru essum sporum? au f ekki einu sinni n ori a vinna fiski ea send sveit eins og tkaist hr ur fyrr.

Child miners aged four living a hell on Earth so YOU can drive an electric car: Awful human cost in squalid Congo cobalt mine that Michael Gove didnt consider in his clean energy crusade

  • Sky Newsinvestigated the Katanga mines and found Dorsen, 8, and Monica, 4
  • The pair were working in the vast mines of the Democratic Republic of Congo
  • They are two of the 40,000 children working daily in the mines, checking rocks for cobalt

By Barbara Jones for The Mail on Sunday

Picking through a mountain of huge rocks with his tiny bare hands, the exhausted little boy makes a pitiful sight.

His name is Dorsen and he is one of an army of children, some just four years old, working in the vast polluted mines of the Democratic Republic of Congo, where toxic red dust burns their eyes, and they run the risk of skin disease and a deadly lung condition. Here, for a wage of just 8p a day, the children are made to check the rocks for the tell-tale chocolate-brown streaks of cobalt the prized ingredient essential for the batteries that power electric cars.

And its feared that thousands more children could be about to be dragged into this hellish daily existence after the historic pledge made by Britain to ban the sale of petrol and diesel cars from 2040 and switch to electric vehicles.

Eight-year-old Dorsen is pictured cowering beneath the raised hand of an overseer who warns him not to spill a rock

Eight-year-old Dorsen is pictured cowering beneath the raised hand of an overseer who warns him not to spill a rock

It heralds a future of clean energy, free from pollution but though there can be no doubting the good intentions behind Environment Secretary Michael Goves announcement last month such ideals mean nothing for the children condemned to a life of hellish misery in the race to achieve his target.

Dorsen, just eight, is one of 40,000 children working daily in the mines of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). The terrible price they will pay for our clean air is ruined health and a likely early death.

Almost every big motor manufacturer striving to produce millions of electric vehicles buys its cobalt from the impoverished central African state. It is the worlds biggest producer, with 60 per cent of the planets reserves.

The cobalt is mined by unregulated labour and transported to Asia where battery manufacturers use it to make their products lighter, longer-lasting and rechargeable.

The planned switch to clean energy vehicles has led to an extraordinary surge in demand. While a smartphone battery uses no more than 10 grams of refined cobalt, an electric car needs 15kg (33lb).

He then staggers beneath the weight of a heavy sack that he must carry to unload 60ft away in pouring rain

He then staggers beneath the weight of a heavy sack that he must carry to unload 60ft away in pouring rain

Goldman Sachs, the merchant bank, calls cobalt the new gasoline but there are no signs of new wealth in the DRC, where the children haul the rocks brought up from tunnels dug by hand.

Adult miners dig up to 600ft below the surface using basic tools, without protective clothing or modern machinery. Sometimes the children are sent down into the narrow makeshift chambers where there is constant danger of collapse.

Cobalt is such a health hazard that it has a respiratory disease named after it cobalt lung, a form of pneumonia which causes coughing and leads to permanent incapacity and even death.

Even simply eating vegetables grown in local soil can cause vomiting and diarrhoea, thyroid damage and fatal lung diseases, while birds and fish cannot survive in the area.

No one knows quite how many children have died mining cobalt in the Katanga region in the south-east of the country. The UN estimates 80 a year, but many more deaths go unregistered, with the bodies buried in the rubble of collapsed tunnels. Others survive but with chronic diseases which destroy their young lives. Girls as young as ten in the mines are subjected to sexual attacks and many become pregnant.

Dorsen and 11-year-old Richard are pictured.With his mother dead, Dorsen lives with his father in the bush and the two have to work daily in the cobalt mine to earn money for food.

Dorsen and 11-year-old Richard are pictured.With his mother dead, Dorsen lives with his father in the bush and the two have to work daily in the cobalt mine to earn money for food.

When Sky News investigated the Katanga mines it found Dorsen, working near a little girl called Monica, who was four, on a day of relentless rainfall.

Dorsen was hauling heavy sacks of rocks from the mine surface to a growing stack 60ft away. A full sack was lifted on to Dorsens head and he staggered across to the stack. A brutish overseer stood over him, shouting and raising his hand to threaten a beating if he spilt any.

With his mother dead, Dorsen lives with his father in the bush and the two have to work daily in the cobalt mine to earn money for food.

Dorsens friend Richard, 11, said that at the end of a working day everything hurts.

In a country devastated by civil wars in which millions have died, there is no other way for families to survive. Britains Department for International Development (DFID) is donating 10.5million between June 2007 and June 2018 towards strengthening revenue transparency and encouraging responsible activity in large and small scale artisanal mining, to benefit the poor of DRC.

There is little to show for these efforts so far. There is a DRC law forbidding the enslavement of under-age children, but nobody enforces it.

The UNs International Labour Organisation has described cobalt mining in DRC as one of the worst forms of child labour due to the health risks.

Soil samples taken from the mining area by doctors at the University of Lubumbashi, the nearest city, show the region to be among the ten most polluted in the world. Residents near mines in southern DRC had urinary concentrates of cobalt 43 higher than normal. Lead levels were five times higher, cadmium and uranium four times higher.

The worldwide rush to bring millions of electric vehicles on to our roads has handed a big advantage to those giant car-makers which saw this bonanza coming and invested in developing battery-powered vehicles, among them General Motors, Renault-Nissan, Tesla, BMW and Fiat-Chrysler.

Chinese middle-men working for the Congo Dongfang Mining Company have the stranglehold in DRC, buying the raw cobalt brought to them in sacks carried on bicycles and dilapidated old cars daily from the Katanga mines. They sit in shacks on a dusty road near the Zambian border, offering measly sums scrawled on blackboards outside 40 for a ton of cobalt-rich rocks that will be sent by cargo ship to minerals giant Zhejiang Huayou Cobalt in China and sold on to a complex supply chain feeding giant multinationals.

Challenged by the Washington Post about the appalling conditions in the mines, Huayou Cobalt said it would be irresponsible to stop using child labour, claiming: It could aggravate poverty in the cobalt mining regions and worsen the livelihood of local miners.

Human rights charity Amnesty International also investigated cobalt mining in the DRC and says that none of the 16 electric vehicle manufacturers they identified have conducted due diligence to the standard defined by the Responsible Cobalt Initiative.

Monica, just four-years-old, works in the mine alongside Dorsen and Richard

Monica, just four-years-old, works in the mine alongside Dorsen and Richard

Encouragingly, Apple, which uses the mineral in its devices, has committed itself to treat cobalt like conflict minerals those which have in the past funded child soldiers in the countrys civil war and the company claims it is going to require all refiners to have supply chain audits and risk assessments. But Amnesty International is not satisfied. This promise is not worth the paper it is written on when the companies are not investigating their suppliers, said Amnestys Mark Dummett. Big brands have the power to change this.

After DRC, Australia is the next biggest source of cobalt, with reserves of 1million tons, followed by Cuba, China, Russia, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

Car maker Tesla the market leader in electric vehicles plans to produce 500,000 cars per year starting in 2018, and will need 7,800 tons of cobalt to achieve this. Sales are expected to hit 4.4 million by 2021. It means the price of cobalt will soar as the world gears itself up for the electric car revolution, and there is evidence some corporations are cancelling their contracts with regulated mines using industrial technology, and turning increasingly to the cheaper mines using human labour.

After the terrible plight of Dorsen and Richard was broadcast in a report on Sky News, an emotive response from viewers funded a rescue by childrens charity Kimbilio. They are now living in a church-supported childrens home, sleeping on mattresses for the first time in their lives and going to school.

But there is no such happy ending for the tens of thousands of children left in the hell on earth that is the cobalt mines of the Congo.

Child miners aged four at Congo cobalt mine


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Tómas Ibsen Halldórsson
Tómas Ibsen Halldórsson
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